The changing times we face have created a series of political issues in the United States that will continue to affect the country in the future years. Here are 3 of the most pressing current problems:
1. Gas and consumer goods prices
The high gas price affects almost all other items people buy. Raw goods are transported to the factory and the product is then transported to stores across the country. If the price of gas rises, so does the price of consumer goods. When George Bush was president, gas prices increased over four years from $0.92 to $1.12. Under Bill Clinton they increased to just $1.42, and soon after Bush was reelected the price settled to $1.79. During Obama’s mandate gas prices reached $3 for 2011 and 2012, remaining the same today. The president stated that he hopes that this issue will cause consumers to switch to other forms of energy, so he opposed the Keystone Pipeline project.
2. Lack of jobs and deficits
According to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), budget deficits will continue to shrink over the next years. Because of the extreme deficit reduction measures, the job growth is much worse than it should be. For 2013, deficits will be smaller than in the past years and in the next decade they will be over $600 billion less. The government must invest more to aid the job growth and pay the debt when the economy is strong. The New York Times commented that the unemployment rate would have been a point lower and the economic growth higher, if the Budget Control Act of 2011 had not reduced the spending more than the increase in the debt limit. At the beginning of 2013, 2 million fewer people were unemployed than at the beginning of 2009.
The U.S. immigration is one of the most debated of all political issues, because policymakers need foreign talent to maintain global competitiveness, while the people are unhappy with the flow of illegal immigrants. Because of the globalization process, the borders are more easily opened to people that wish to relocate. While some believe that undocumented immigrants are an economic drain other ague that they have a positive effect. Experts suggest that the legal immigration process must be made more efficient so that it attracts skilled workers. According to a survey conducted in 2013, 64 percent of Americans are not satisfied with the current level of immigration. Political issues are primary centered around people entering from Mexico, although the Pew Hispanic Center reveals that the flow between the two countries has decreased because of less economic opportunities in the U.S.