Firs registered in Switzerland The Saint-Bernard is a large mountain dog with strong legs, large head, intelligent eyes sometimes serious, sometimes sad, but never malicious, with short snout nose. Ears stick up and bent to form a triangle slightly rounded and elongated; all these features expressing the force and nobility of the Saint-Bernard. The back is straight and very broad, strong chest and well rounded, sloping and broad shoulders, very strong legs. The tail is broad at the base, strong and long, hanging straight or with slightly bent tip. This breed is presented in two varieties that have the same morphological characters, differing only in appearance and hair length: one with long hair, less often, smooth, slightly wavy, and grinding toward its little curly-haired and one short, harsh, dense and well bonded to the body .
With a height of 70-80 cm (male) and 65-80 cm (female) and a weight of 55-80 kg (male) and 55-80 kg (female) the breed has the proper name for its size.
The hair color can be: red with white, red and white, all shades of red spots, red, yellow, brown, white spots on the muzzle, chest, legs, abdomen and the last third of the tail or a white spot on his forehead and nose.
It is one of the most familiar breeds, that has the Tibetan Dog as an ancestor. Keller the scientist says that this dog has spread to Nepal and India, then in China. He later went to the Middle East. They found various reliefs Assiria, over 2500 years old, which are depicted with short hair dogs that have a perfect resemblance to Saint Bernard of today. It is known in Egypt Pharaohs era. Wars and trade relations during the time of Alexander the Great brought the dog over Greece and Italy, in Central Europe. In Switzerland, was brought by Roman colonists, who used it to guard their property; which by crossing the Alps with their dogs got great offspring’s, you know the Saint Bernard, at first, it was established in cantons Waadt Wallis and where dogs have lived more or less isolated, throughout the Middle Ages, their presence is proved by the paintings and sculptures we have left of those times. Only between 1650 – 1670 was taken by monks from Mount Saint Bernard hospital (where it gets its name), trained and used to rescue people under avalanches. This was developed under the care and protection of these monks and then spread throughout Switzerland, Austria, Italy, France, England, Canada, USA etc…
The allure noble Saint Bernard has a gentle temperament and cheerful character. Endowed with great sense of smell, is brave, loyal and affectionate with the owner and especially with children.
Saint-Bernard Pictures Gallery