Hard disks can be divided into multiple partitions which are independent storage units. This separation is usually used to group the operating system and program files separately from user files. Hard disk partition is recommended in order to protect and isolate files, but also to recover a corrupted file system or to increase the general computer performance.
There are several computer partition types as well as many partition schemes. In order to partition a hard disk, the disk must be either new or reformatted. The following instructions will guide you to do a partitioning using FDISK for Windows XP or later operating systems computers.
Before you start the procedure, ensure you backed up all files you want to keep because the FDISK method permanently deletes every little file on the hard disk, so after all is done, you can`t do anything else to change it.
So let`s start partitioning!
- Step 1: Start the PC in Command Prompt Mode, type “FDISK” and the partition menu options will appear.
- Step 2: Enter 5 in order to partition a second drive and select it. In case you don`t want a second drive, skip this step.
- Step 3: Enter 1 to create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive.
- Step 4: Enter 2 to create an Extended DOS partition.
- Step 5: The program will ask you whether you wish to use the maximum available size. Enter N.
- Step 6: Choose the size of disk space you want to assign to the second partition.
- Step 7: After you named the new partition, press the Enter button and the partition menu will appear in the screen.
- Step 8: In case you want to create more additional partitions, follow once again the steps from 4 to 7.
- Step 9: Press the ESC button when you want to exit the partition command.
- Step 10: Start formatting the new partitions.
There are also some other things you should know about partition a hard disk. In case the FDISK menu displays a disk capacity which doesn`t fit your hard drive, the system cannot sustain larger disk drives. To provide this support, use disk management software, like Disk Manager of EX-Dive.
Your partitioning work can be done easier by using Partition Magic or other commercial products designed for this purpose. No matter the way you choose to partition your hard disk, make sure you allocate about 20 GB for the C drive, the one that holds Windows software and temp files.
Now that your disk drive is divided into partitions, you can start storing directories and files!