Many types of blueberries are native to the United States, so they are easy to grow in your garden. As long as you provide your blueberry bush adequate care and pruning, they will harmoniously develop and offer you lots of delicious fruits. Below you can find out more about how to properly grow blueberries bushes.
Step 1: Select the right blueberry variety
First you should contact your state agricultural experiment station for advice about the most suitable blueberry variety for your requests and area. For example, if you want large, light blueberries, go for the bluecrop. This variety is a mid-season bloomer and it is great for dryer areas, being quite drought resistant. For pollination, it is advisable to grow two or more varieties of blueberry bushes.
Step 2: Choose the location
Blueberry bushes require acid soils able to retain high moisture and the pH value should be between 5 and 6. The best location is a sunny one, but they can do well also in partial shade.
Step 3: Planting
The right time for planting blueberry bushes is in the fall or spring when the soil can be worked. Leave about 4 feet between them and plant 1 inch deeper in the soil than they were planted in the nursery. Four to six bushes are enough for providing fruit all season for a medium-sized family. In addition, there will also remain blueberries for freezing and canning.
Step 4: Care
Blueberry bushes should be fertilized one month before growth starts to grow, in the early spring, sometimes even in the late winter. If the soil is sandy, fertilizer must be applied again one month later, after the first growths. In early summer, mulch with leaf mold, compost, well-rotted manure or peat. In order to protect the fruit from birds, cover the bushes with nets.
Step 5: Pruning
The pruning must be done during winter, after the first 3 years of growth. Do not forget that fruit grow on last year`s wood. Cut one or two of the oldest shoots back to a healthy new shoot, so that growth to be promoted and the new shoot to bear fruit the year that follows.